Where On The Reference Globe Will There Be The Most Distortion?

Which map projection has the most distortion?

In most maps, when you try to fix one kind of distortion, you increase another kind of distortion.

However, Mercator is one of those rare maps whose answer to latitudinal distortion was to ensure that the longitudinal distortion is equally bad.

On a Mercator projection, Greenland is roughly the same size as Africa..

Which map projection should I use?

Use equal area projections for thematic or distribution maps. Presentation maps are usually conformal projections, although compromise and equal area projections can also be used. Navigational maps are usually Mercator, true direction, and/or equidistant.

What is the Robinson projection good for?

The Robinson projection is unique. Its primary purpose is to create visually appealing maps of the entire world. It is a compromise projection; it does not eliminate any type of distortion, but it keeps the levels of all types of distortion relatively low over most of the map.

What does the Robinson map projection distortion?

The Robinson projection is neither conformal nor equal-area. It generally distorts shapes, areas, distances, directions, and angles. The distortion patterns are similar to common compromise pseudocylindrical projections. Area distortion grows with latitude and does not change with longitude.

What is MAP distortion?

If a map preserves shape, then feature outlines (like country boundaries) look the same on the map as they do on the earth. … A conformal map distorts area—most features are depicted too large or too small. The amount of distortion, however, is regular along some lines in the map.

What are the 5 map projections?

Top 10 World Map ProjectionsMercator. This projection was developed by Gerardus Mercator back in 1569 for navigational purposes. … Robinson. This map is known as a ‘compromise’, it shows neither the shape or land mass of countries correct. … Dymaxion Map. … Gall-Peters. … Sinu-Mollweide. … Goode’s Homolosine. … AuthaGraph. … Hobo-Dyer.More items…•

Which projection is most widely used?

Cylindrical ProjectionCylindrical Projection – Mercator One of the most famous map projections is the Mercator, created by a Flemish cartographer and geographer, Geradus Mercator in 1569. It became the standard map projection for nautical purposes because of its ability to represent lines of constant true direction.

What is an example of distortion?

Examples. Distortion is a word that refers to the ways in which things can get confused or changed until they are hard to recognize. A melted crayon, a deflated balloon, a CD or DVD with scratches that no longer plays correctly — these things have all been affected by distortion.

Why are all world maps wrong?

The Mercator distorts size to preserve shape. For a more accurate view of land area look at the Gall-Peters projection, which preserves area while distorting shape. The Gall-Peters projection. In the end, there’s not “right” map projection.

Why is map projection necessary?

A map projection is a way of showing the surface of a three-dimensional sphere on a flat surface. Such projections are necessary to create maps. The problem with projections is that they change the surface in some way; this is called distortion. Depending on the purpose of the map, some distortions may be less bad.

Do Globes have distortion?

A model globe does not distort surface relationships the way maps do, but maps can be more useful in many situations: they are more compact and easier to store; they readily accommodate an enormous range of scales; they are viewed easily on computer displays; they can be measured to find properties of the region being …

Which map projection has no distortion?

The only ‘projection’ which has all features with no distortion is a globe. 1° x 1° latitude and longitude is almost a square, while the same ‘block’ near the poles is almost a triangle.

What causes map distortion?

A map projection is a mathematical formula used to transfer all or part of the curved surface of the earth onto the flat surface of a map. The process of flattening the earth causes distortions in one or more of the following spatial properties: Distance. Area.

Why do all maps have some sort of distortion?

Likewise with the Earth—if we want to make a map, we need to distort the Earth’s surface to flatten it. … We have many different map projections because each has different patterns of distortion—there is more than one way to flatten an orange peel.

What are the 4 ways maps get distorted?

There are four main types of distortion that come from map projections: distance, direction, shape and area.

What are the 4 map projections?

This group of map projections can be classified into three types: Gnomonic projection, Stereographic projection and Orthographic projection.Gnomonic projection. The Gnomonic projection has its origin of light at the center of the globe. … Stereographic projection. … Orthographic projection.

What are the pros and cons of the Robinson projection?

Advantage: The Robinson map projection shows most distances, sizes and shapes accurately. Disadvantage: The Robinson map does have some distortion around the poles and edges.

Where is most distortion found on a azimuthal projection?

Orthographic Projection This projection looks like a globe because it is a perspective projection from infinite distance. As such, it maps one hemisphere of the globe into the UV plane. Distortions are greatest along the rim of the hemisphere where distances and land masses are compressed.